Anxiety is a complex set of symptoms which often appear as nervousness, shakiness cold sweats and poor sleep. Through a combination of CBT, ACT and relaxation therapy these symptoms can be reduced. For many sufferers of anxiety their lives are controlled by their anxiety and to have any relief from the symptoms can turn their lives around.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-V) classifies anxiety disorders into several main types.
Generalised anxiety disorder: This is a chronic disorder involving excessive, long-lasting anxiety and worries about nonspecific life events, objects, and situations. GAD is the most common anxiety disorder, and people with the disorder are not always able to identify the cause of their anxiety. Panic disorder: Brief or sudden attacks of intense terror and apprehension characterise panic disorder. These attacks can lead to shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and breathing difficulties. Panic attacks tend to occur and escalate rapidly, peaking after 10 minutes. However, a panic attack might last for hours. Panic disorders usually occur after frightening experiences or prolonged stress but may also occur without a trigger. An individual experiencing a panic attack may misinterpret it as a life-threatening illness, and may make drastic changes in behavior to avoid future attacks.
Specific phobia: This is an irrational fear and avoidance of a particular object or situation. Phobiasare not like other anxiety disorders, as they relate to a specific cause.
environmental stressors, such as difficulties at work, relationship problems, or family issues
genetics, as people who have family members with an anxiety disorder are more likely to experience one themselves
medical factors, such as the symptoms of a different disease, the effects of a medication, or the stress of an intensive surgery or prolonged recovery
brain chemistry, as psychologists define many anxiety disorders as misalignments of hormones and electrical signals in the brain
withdrawal from an illicit substance, the effects of which might intensify the impact of other possible causes